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Challenges and Hope for South Sudan’s 12.4 Million Population

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According to the latest estimates by the government, the population of South Sudan is currently 12.4 million.

The population of South Sudan is diverse and consists of over 60 different ethnic groups, each with its own unique culture, language, and traditions. The largest ethnic group in South Sudan is the Dinka, which comprises about 35% of the population. Other major ethnic groups include the Nuer, Bari, Shilluk, and Zande.

Despite its relatively small population, South Sudan has faced numerous challenges over the years. The country has been plagued by decades of conflict, which has resulted in the displacement of millions of people and has severely impacted the country’s economic and social development.

The ongoing conflict in South Sudan has also had a significant impact on the country’s population. According to the United Nations, more than 4 million people in South Sudan are currently displaced, either within the country or as refugees in neighboring countries. This has resulted in significant humanitarian needs, with many people lacking access to basic necessities such as food, clean water, and healthcare.

In addition to the challenges posed by conflict, South Sudan also faces other significant issues related to its population. For example, the country has a high maternal mortality rate, with an estimated 789 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The country also has one of the highest rates of child mortality in the world, with an estimated 93 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Despite these challenges, there is hope for the future of South Sudan. The country has made progress in recent years in areas such as education, healthcare, and economic development. The government has also made efforts to address the ongoing conflict, including the signing of a peace agreement in 2018. While the implementation of this agreement has been slow, there are signs that progress is being made towards a more peaceful and stable future for South Sudan.


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